By October 29, 2022 No Comments
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A federal district court has greenlighted a John Doe summons to help the IRS fight crypto-related tax fraud. The authorization could help the U.S. government find thousands of tax cheats.


The Internal Revenue Service has received another thumbs-up from a federal court in the agency’s new passion to root out cryptocurrency tax fraud.

The U.S. District Court in the Central District of California authorized the IRS to serve a John Doe summons on Los Angeles-based OX Labs Inc., d/b/a SFOX and its subsidiaries. SFOX is a cryptocurrency prime dealer for professional traders and institutional investors and has more than 175,000 registered users.

The IRS wants information about U.S. taxpayers who conducted at least the equivalent of $20,000 in transactions in crypto between 2016 and 2021 with or through SFOX.

In the court’s order, U.S. District Court Judge Otis D. Wright found that there is a reasonable basis for believing that such taxpayer may have failed to comply with federal tax laws.


“There is no allegation in this suit that SFOX has engaged in any wrongdoing,” the Department of Justice said in an announcement. “The IRS uses John Doe summonses to obtain information about possible violations of internal revenue laws by individuals whose identities are unknown.”

At the same time, the IRS filed a petition in the Southern District of New York for authorization to serve a John Doe summons on M.Y. Safra Bank, FSB. M.Y. Safra partnered with SFOX in 2019 to offer cash deposit accounts to SFOX users.

The IRS has called John Doe summons “a highly valuable enforcement tool” and over the past five years has used such summonses to pry information from three cryptocurrency exchanges.

The IRS has issued Notice 2014-21, which provides that virtual currencies that can be converted into traditional currency are property for tax purposes; a taxpayer can have a gain or loss on the sale or exchange of a virtual currency. IRS guidance otherwise remains limited concerning crypto, though the latest draft of the federal 1040 Individual Income Tax Return for 2022 expands the cryptocurrency transaction question from the 2021 form. The IRS and other U.S. agencies are also working to streamline a tougher approach to reporting transactions of crypto and other digital assets, such as non-fungible tokens.

A Bayclays report earlier this year extrapolated that crypto investors may be paying less than half the taxes they owe.

If you deal with crypto, your tax specialist should be able to address:

·      How we navigate tax issues in a market that’s still operating on rudimentary guidelines and regulation in the U.S.?

·      Where do evolving technologies such as non-fungible tokens (NFTs) fit into our tax picture?

·      When many new and previously non-financial players enter the market (as in crypto), what steps do we take to protect you, the client?


Your tax specialist needs to be able to field these and many other questions in this changing market. If we can help, please let us know.


About the Author 

Alicea Castellanos is the CEO and Founder of Global Taxes LLC. Alicea provides personalized U.S. tax advisory and compliance services to high net worth families and their advisors. Alicea has more than 17 years of experience. Prior to forming Global Taxes, Alicea founded and oversaw operations at a boutique tax firm, worked at a prestigious global law firm and CPA firm. Alicea specializes in U.S. tax planning and compliance for non-U.S. families with global wealth and asset protection structures which include non-U.S. trusts, estates and foundations that have a U.S. connection.

Alicea also specializes in foreign investment in U.S. real estate property, and other U.S. assets, pre-immigration tax planning, U.S. expatriation matters, U.S. persons in receipt of foreign gifts and inheritances, foreign accounts and assets compliance, offshore voluntary disclosures/tax amnesties, FATCA registration, and foreign companies wanting to do business in the U.S. Alicea is fluent in Spanish and has a working knowledge of Portuguese.

Alicea is an active member of the Society of Trusts & Estates Practitioners (STEP), the New York State Society of Certified Public Accountants (NYSSCPAs), the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), the International Fiscal Association (IFA), a member of Clarkson Hyde Global, a world-wide association of accountants, auditors, tax specialists and business advisors and the International Advisory Experts (IAE).

Distinctly, in 2020, Alicea was awarded with a prestigious NYSSCPA Forty Under 40 Award. She was selected as someone that has notable skills and is visibly making a difference in the accounting profession. Alicea has also been recognized as a leading expert for Tax advice and she has been invited to join Advisory Excellence, as their exclusively recommended tax expert in the USA.

In 2021 and 2022, Alicea was the Gold and Silver Winner, respectively, of Citywealth’s Powerwomen Awards in the category USA – Woman of the Year – Business Growth (Boutique). Furthermore, Alicea is currently listed in the Global Elite Directory 2022, which is an annual exclusive directory of the world’s elite lawyers and outstanding wealth advisors advising ultra-high net-worth clients.

Please note: This content is intended for informational purposes only and is not a replacement for professional accounting or tax preparatory services. Consult your own accounting, tax, and legal professionals for advice related to your individual situation. Any copy or reproduction of our presentation is expressly prohibited. Any names or situations have been made up for illustrative purposes — any similarities found in real life are purely coincidental.